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Raphael

 1483-1520
 

Italian High Renaissance Painter and Architect

One of the Greatest Painters Of All Time

Stylistically influenced by the following painters -  Michelangelo Buonarroti, Paolo Uccello, Leonardo da Vinci, Pietro  Perugino, Classical Greek Art

Education - Apprenticed to Pietro Perugino

Cause of Death - syphilis is a venereal disease, known as the 'French disease' in 15th century. Syphilis was the AIDS of the Renaissance. The disease became epidemic among the freewheeling Florentines causing the death of thousands. Raphael was just he was 37 years old when he died.

Mediums - oil on oak panel, oil on canvas, fresco

 

Biography

Raphael was one of the greatest painters of the Renaissance. Giorgio Vasari, Raphael's biographer describes the artist thusly "him liberality with which Heaven now and again unites in one person the inexhaustible riches of its treasures and all those graces and rare gifts which are usually shared among many over a long period is seen in Raphael Sanzio of Urbino, who was as excellent as gracious, and endowed with a natural modesty and goodness sometimes seen in those who possess to an unusual degree a humane and gentle nature adorned with affability and good-fellowship, and he always showed himself sweet and pleasant with persons of every degree and in all circumstances."

Raphael's Apprenticeship

Art historian, Walter Horatio Pater, describes the artists apprenticeship; "During his apprenticeship at Perugino, Raphael visited and left his work in more modest places round about, along those seductive mountain or lowland roads, and copied for one of them Perugino?s ?Marriage of the Virgin? significantly, did it by many degrees better, with a very novel effect of motion everywhere, and with that grace which natural motion evokes, introducing for a temple in the background a lovely bit of his friend Bramante?s sort of architecture, the true Renaissance or perfected Quattro-cento architecture. He goes on building a whole lordly new city of the like as he paints to the end of his life. The subject, we may note, as we leave Perugia in Raphael?s company, had been suggested by the famous mystic treasure of its cathedral church, the marriage ring of the Blessed Virgin herself."
 

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