The History of Art And The Curious Lives of Famous Painters



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All critics should be assassinated. -- Man Ray

Founded by Andre Breton in 1924

" Surrealism does not allow those who devote themselves to it to forsake it whenever they like. There is every reason to believe that it acts on the mind very much as drugs do; like drugs, it creates a certain state of need and can push man to frightful revolts. It also is, if you like, an artificial paradise, and the taste one has for it derives from Baudelaire's criticism for the same reason as the others. Thus the analysis of the mysterious effects and special pleasures it can produce -- in many respects Surrealism occurs as a new vice which does not necessarily seem to be restricted to the happy few; like hashish, it has the ability to satisfy all manner of tastes -- such an analysis has to be included in the present study" --MANIFESTO OF SURREALISM by Andre Breton c. 1924

Important Surrealist Painters

Max Ernst German, 1891-1976

Rene Magritte French 1898- 1967

Joan Miro Spanish, 1893-1983

Man Ray  American 1890-1976

Salvador Dali Spanish, 1904-1989

Definition of Surrealism

SURREALISM, n. Pure psychic automatism, by which it is intended to express, verbally, in writing, or by other means, the real process of thought. Thought's dictation, in the absence of all control exercised by the reason and outside all aesthetic or moral preoccupations. ENCYCL. Philos. Surrealism rests in the belief in the superior reality of certain forms of association neglected heretofore; in the omnipotence of the dream and in the disinterested play of thought. It tends definitely to do away with all other psychic mechanisms and to substitute itself for them in the solution of the principal problems of life.  -- André Breton (The founder of the Surrealist Movement) 1924

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