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Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky (1817-1900) Russian, Academic

The Ninth Wave  c.1850

one of the greatest paintings of all time

Academic Classicism is the painting style established by European art academies and universities. In general It is also called "academic art". In this context as new styles are embraced by academics, the new styles come to be considered academic, thus what was at one time a rebellion against academic art becomes academic art. The academic art world also worshiped Raphael, for the splendor of his work. This style is often termed "art pompier", "academism", "academicism", "classical revival", "beaux-arts classicism" and "eclecticism".

The followers of Classicism appreciated and imitated Greek and Roman literature, art, and architecture. Classicism is a late form of Neoclassicism, with a distinctly original elegance. Often linked with "historicism" and "syncretism".


Important Academic Classicism Painters
Listed Alphabetically

Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky (1817-1900) Russian, Academic
Thomas Couture (1815-1879) French, Academic Classicists
Paul Delaroche (1797-1856) French, Academic Classicists 
William Bouguereau (1825 - 1905) French, Academic
Charles Emile Duran (1837-1917) French, Academic Classicists 
Eugene Fromentin (1820-1876) French, Academic Classicists 
Jean Leon Gerome 1824-1904)  French, Academic
Adolphe Alexandre Lesrel (1839-1929) French, Academic Classicists
Hans Makart (1840-1884) Austrian, Academic Classicists 
Franz Xavier Winterhalter (1805-1873) German, Academic Classicists 
William Clarke Wontner (1857-1930) English, Academic Classicists
Fritz Zuber-Buhler (1822-1996) French, Academic Classicists


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