Gustave Caillebotte

1848 - 1894

 French Impressionist Painter

His Style Was Influenced by the following Painters  - Manet, Cézanne, Degas, Monet, Renoir, Mary Cassatt,  and Armand Guillaumin.

Education - École des Beaux-Arts, he later dropped out.

Cause of Death:  pulmonary congestion - (the accumulation of blood or other bodily fluids in the lungs).  He was just 46.

About the Artist

Gustave Caillebotte was one of the most brilliant French impressionist painters of all time.

Caillebotte's paintings focus on modern Parisian life and scenes of cordial suburban sociability. Author and art historian, Mardsen Hartley asserts "With his maturity, the creator's work goes out into the world. And in this act, he puts the world away. For the artist's work defines: and definition means apartness: and the average man is undefined in the social body. Here is a danger for the artist within the very essence of his artistic virtue. During the years of his apprenticeship, he has struggled to create for himself an essential world out of experience. Now he begins to succeed: and he lives too fully in his own selection: he lives too simply in the effects of his effort. The gross and fumbling impact of experience is eased. The grind of ordinary intercourse is dimmed. The rawness of Fam[xiii]ily and Business is refined or removed. But now nce more the world comes in to him, in the form of the Critic. Here again, in a sharp concentrated sense, the world moves on him: its complacency, its hysteria, its down-tending appetites and fond illusions, its pathetic worship of yesterdays and hatred of tomorrows, its fear-dogmas and its blood-avowals."

Caillebotte's work is distinct in its spontaneity and bright, vivid palette. He probes the complex relationship among men and women and focuses on capturing the overall impression of a scene through effects created by using light and color in diverse ways. Caillebotte executed his masterpieces with bold strokes and heavy applications of rich color. Early Impressionist painters were revolutionaries in their time, breaking many of the unwritten laws of picture making that had been set by past generations.

Over time Caillebotte lost interest in painting and retired to his Oceanside villa to devote himself to breeding exotic orchids and boat building.


The Most Important Impressionist Painters

Paul Cézanne

Auguste Renoir

 Claude Monet

Alfred Sisley

Frederic Bazille

Gustave Caillebotte

Edgar Degas

Mary Cassatt

Armand Guillaumin

Berthe Morisot

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