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Calvinist Iconoclasm

Calvinists are followers of John Calvin. They were part of the  Protestant Reformation that swept through Northern Europe is the 16th century. In various zealous frenzies the Calvinists destroyed countless masterpieces in the belief that the paintings and statues were being worshiped as graven images. These destructive rampages were known as the Iconoclastic Fury. Iconoclasm is the destruction of religious works of art as part of a large political or counter-religious movement. Those who partake of such destruction, or who support such movements, are called iconoclasts. Iconoclasm most often results when a religious sect takes a literalist interpretation of the Old Testament's Ten Commandments, which forbids the creation or veneration of graven images.

In 1566, the impassioned fanatics descended on Catholic churches in the Netherlands, putting to the torch countless statues and paintings. This time was known as Beeldenstorm. The rampaging zealots were both rich and poor. Peasants and nobles alike burned paintings, chopped up statues and stormed churches.  John Calvin asserted "But, as sculpture and painting are gifts of God, what I insist on is, that both shall be used purely and lawfully, that gifts which the Lord has bestowed upon us, for His glory and our good, shall not be preposterously abused, nay, shall not be perverted to our destruction." 

Important Words, People, Phrases, Characteristics related to the Northern Renaissance Art Movement -  allegorical painting,  rebirth, invention of oil painting,   Hieronymus Bosch, Limbourg Brothers, Desiderius Erasmus,  Robert Campin, Jan Van Eyck, Jean Fouquet, Albrecht Dürer, Johannes Gutenberg, Johann Reuchlin, Martin Luther, rise of the merchant class, world landscape,  Low Countries, Protestant Reformation, Calvinisim, glazing, impasto, scriptorium, illuminator, invention of the printing press, woodcuts, engravings, Antwerp School, Guild of Saint Luke, commerce, Flemish School, Northern Europe, Flanders, Bruges, renewed interest in classical learning,  mythological scenes, genre painting, landscapes, portraits, moralizing overtones, human vices, lust, paradise, spirituality, piousness, living a simple life, reformHuman Reasoning,  tradesmen at work, idyllic scenes of peasantsplaying games, feasting,  linear perspective, \Heliocentric Theory, humour, satire,  spiritually significant, illuminated manuscriptidealized biblical themes, scriptorium, emotion, illuminator,  iconoclast, Age of Discovery, Virgin and Child, axonometric drawing, curiosity about the natural world,  realistic use of colours and lightOld Testament stories, Gospel parables, The Blackdeath,  Christian symbolism


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