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Caravaggio (1573 - 1610) Italian, Baroque

     Boy Bitten by a Lizard c.1594  

The Baroque style is distinguished by the emotional effects of color and overall harmony of the painting. The Baroque movement started in Italy, quickly spreading to the rest of Europe. This style flourished in Europe between 1580 and 1770, mainly in Catholic countries, where it played a essential role in the crusading work of the Catholic Counter-Reformation. The Roman Catholic Church's reaction to the Reformation, known as the Counter-Reformation, reaffirmed the one-time medieval notion of art as the servant of the church, adding certain demands for simplicity, precision, realism, and an emotional stimulus to piety. For the fanatics of the Counter-Reformation, a paintings was useful only as propaganda material, the religious subject matter being all-important.


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