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French Post-Impressionism/Realist Painter

Stylistically influenced by the following painters and art movements  - Cubism, Camille Pissarro, Renoir,  Monet Poussin and Paul Gauguin

Cause of Death -  Paul Cezanne died a lonely sad death on October 22, 1906 after contracting pneumonia. He was surrounded by crates of unsold paintings and unpaid bills.

The artist's art was declared to be Entartete Kunst by the Nazis in the 1930s and removed from public spaces.

One of the Greatest Painters Of All Time

Paul Cezanne, Vincent van Gogh and Paul Gauguin were the leading painters associated with the French art movement known as Post-Impressionism. This movement directly followed Impressionism and Neo-Impressionism. According to author and art historian , Clive Bell, "Cézanne discovered methods and forms which have revealed a vista of possibilities to the end of which no man can see; on the instrument that he invented thousands of artists yet unborn may play their own tunes." Nearly all Post-Impressionist artists began as Impressionists, but then rejected recording light and color changes. The Post- Impressionists showed a greater concern for individuality, pure color, organization and form. Paul Cezanne once said "When I judge art, I take my painting and put it next to a God made object like a tree or flower. If it clashes, it is not art."

Clive Bell elaborates "perhaps Cézanne saw what the great Impressionists could not see, that though they were still painting exquisite pictures their theories had led art into a cul de sac. So while he was working away in his corner of Provence, shut off completely from the aestheticism of Paris, from Baudelairism and Whistlerism, Cézanne was always looking for something to replace the bad science of Claude Monet. And somewhere about 1880 he found it. At Aix-en-Provence came to him a revelation that has set a gulf between the nineteenth century and the twentieth: for, gazing at the familiar landscape, Cézanne came to understand it, not as a mode of light, nor yet as a player in the game of human life, but as an end in itself and an object of intense emotion. Every great artist has seen landscape as an end in itself—as pure form, that is to say; Cézanne has made a generation of artists feel that compared with its significance as an end in itself all else about a landscape is negligible. From that time forward Cézanne set himself to create forms that would express the emotion that he felt for what he had learnt to see. Science became as irrelevant as subject. Everything can be seen as pure form, and behind pure form lurks the mysterious significance that thrills to ecstasy. The rest of Cézanne's life is a continuous effort to capture and express the significance of form."

Paul Cézanne quotes


Major Artists Associated with the Post-Impressionist Movement
Paul Cézanne (1839 - 1906) French, 
Paul Gauguin (1848 - 1903 French
Henri Rousseau (1844-1910) 
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (1864 - 1897) French
Vincent van Gogh (1853 - 1890)  Dutch
Edouard Vuillard (1868-1940) French


Important Charactoristics, Words and Phrases Associated with the Post-Impressionism Movement -   Roger Fry, 1910, France,  Ambroise Vollard, geometric forms, Paris, arbitrary colour, esoteric, Synthetist style,   landscapes, Parisian cafe Culture, 19th-century, Paris, soleil levant,  open composition, impasto, vibrant, effets de soir, natural light, en plein air, Académie des Beaux-Arts, boating, leisure activities, Landscapes, modernization, synthetic pigments, industrialization, Independent Collective, avant-garde, Primitivism, Symbolist, France, French painters, The Académie Suisse, controversial ideas about painting, physics of colour, broader strokes, fleeting impression of colour and light, bright, vibrant, flowers, figures, modern art


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