Jacopo di Cione


Italian  Late Gothic  Byzantine  Painter, Sculptor and Architect

Influences: Andrea Orcagna, Giotto Di Bondone , Cimabue,  Coppo di Marcovaldo,  and Carolingian Art

Education - apprenticed to his brother, Andrea Orcagna

Medium - Tempera on wood

  Jacopo strove to capture the mysterious and mystical nature of Christianity. His highly formalized, linear Byzantine style Virgin has a piercingly beauty, with a melancholy look, and a crown and a golden halo. His depiction of the Virgin was as a caring mortal, a compassionate, loving mother against a background of bright gold.  He was a younger brother and follower of Andrea Orcagna.

Most prominently featured in his work are  the holy figures of the Christian faith--the -ChristSaints, The CrossVirgin Mary Chalice, Keys, The Anchor, Wheat The Good Shepherd, The Apostles, Animals, Fish, Angels, Birds, Insects  and Satan.

With the triumph of Christianity, Byzantine style artists aspired to reawaken the divine spirit of holy figures rather than depict their physical qualities.  Their unique style is a  combination of  frontal simplicity, truth to nature, harmonious unity together with precision in details.  The use of costly materials such as gold, precious stones and ivory indicates the degree of wealth that was common during this period, and attests to the sophistication of the culture.  
Eminent art historian and aurthor, Clive Bell explains "Between 900 and 1200 the capital achievements of Christian art are not superior in quality to those of the preceding age—indeed, they fall short of the Byzantine masterpieces of the sixth century; but the first-rate art of this second period was more abundant, or, at any rate, has survived more successfully, than that of the first. The age that has bequeathed us Romanesque, Lombardic, and Norman architecture gives no sign of dissolution. We are still on the level heights of the Christian Renaissance. Artists are still primitive. Men still feel the significance of form sufficiently to create it copiously. Increased wealth purchases increased leisure, and some of that leisure is devoted to the creation of art. I do not marvel, therefore, at the common, though I think inexact, opinion that this was the period in which Christian Europe touched the summit of its spiritual history: its monuments are everywhere majestic before our eyes."


Byzantine 500-1450  Romanesque 950-1250
Gothic 1150-1580 Florentine
Sienese School 1150-1550 Venetian
Early Renaissance  1350-1500  
High Renaissance 1450-1530  
Northern Renaissance 1350-1600  
Mannerism  1510-1600  
Baroque 1600-1750  
Rococo  1710-1790  
Neoclassical 1740-1835  
Romanticism 1750-1860  
Hudson River School 1825-1880  
Orientalism 1800-1885  
Academic Classicism 1865-1920   
Victorian Classicism 1845-1895  
Pre-Raphaelite 1840-1855  
Impressionism 1860-1895
Symbolism  1860-1910
Postimpressionism 1882-1915
Pointillism  1885-1903
Nabis 1890-1898
Tonalism 1880-1920
Art Nouveau 1890-1920
Art Deco 1915-1940
Cubism 1905-1920

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