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Andre Derain


 French  Fauvist Painter

Artistically and stylistically influenced  the following painters and art movements  - Matisse, Van Gogh,  Cézanne, Post-Impressionism, Gauguin,  Maurice Vlaminck, Cubism,  and Japanese Woodblock Prints

Education - Académie Carriere, Paris, France

Cause of Death - He was run over by a truck

Andre Derain is considered by to be the greatest Fauvist painter. His work from the Fauvist period is brilliantly hued, light and airy. The artist asserted "Art must not be intelligent; art is a jouisance, an enjoyment." The prevailing characteristic of Andre Derain's work being vibrant colour and simplified forms. His fauvist landscapes express raw, unfettered passion. He felt the composition of colors was as important as a painting's subject matter to convey meaning. Derain's work is bold, exploratory and intense. He explored in his art a new world of emotion and passion, but with a expressiveness and profound understanding of color.


The Fauves

The Fauvist movement was the high-spirited stepchild
 pointillism and impressionism. The exuberant 20th-century art movement was led by Henri Matisse. The Fauves emphasized vivid colors, hearty brushstrokes and simplified forms. The subject matter of the Fauve painters is generally lighthearted. They favored seascapes, the French countryside, portraits,  nudes, and domestic interiors. The Fauve palette is what set them apart. Fauvists used paint directly from the tube and never mixed their colors. They favored deep reds, oranges, and bright greens.  The Fauve colors seemed intense and tasteless, even offensive to art critics of the time. Andre Derain stated "We were always intoxicated with color, with words that speak of color, and with the sun that makes colors live."

This new style of paintings was a reflection of the transformation that was taking place in Europe, the change from the restrictive Victorian age to a more enlightened, tolerant society. Raoul Dufy asserted, "I don't follow any system. All the laws you can lay down are only so many props to be cast aside when the hour of creation arrives."

When the Fauvists held their first exhibit, the daring forms and vivid colors outraged the Paris art world. Critics stormed out and threw glasses of wine at some of the paintings. One critic, Marcel Dupree, was so aghast at the Fauvist paintings he vomited outside the gallery and took to his bed for several weeks.



Important Painters Associated With  The Fauvist Movement

 Raoul Dufy (1877-1953)

Maurice Vlaminck (1876-1958)

Matisse (1869-1954)

Henri Manguin (1874-1949)

Georges Braque (1882-1963)

 Franz Marc (1880-1916)

André Derain (1880-1954)



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Require more facts and information about about Raoul Dufy the famous French Fauvist Painter and Designer Search Here


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Richard Muther, The History of Painting, Henry and Co., London, 1896



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