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Edward Hicks


Pennsylvania-born Quaker Painter

One of the Greatest Painters Of All Time

Edward Hicks is one of the most exceptional painters of all time. His talent for portraying animals is unequalled in all of art history.  Although he was self-taught, over the years he acquired advanced technical ability and developed a sophisticated and sensitive understanding of art. As a creative painter he was driven obsessively to create spiritually significant imagery with which nourished the human spirit, celebrate the word of God and help conquer his inner demons. Hicks painted at the time when both the United States and modern American Quakerism were young. He was an evocative Primitivist and a spiritual man, who believed in honesty, restraint, and contact with his Inner Light. He had a genuine spiritual connection with God and a true understanding of the Scriptures. His paintings overflow with symbols and contain elements of wrath, egoism, self-indulgence, worship and Christ's true meaning.

He is best know for the Peaceable Kingdoms he obsessively painted . The animals represent Isaiah's prophecy in the Bible (Isa. 11:6) "The wolf shall also dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid; and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead them."

Key Descriptive Words  and Phrases associated with the Visionary painting- self-taught, personal vision, dreams, inner process,  Folk art, mystical experience, metaphysical Otherness,  entoptic imagery, personal revelations,  mythic archetypes,  revelation art, personal iconography, untrained artist, spiritual symbolism, outsider,  hallucinogenic intoxication, eccentric personalities, madness, fantastic components,  Symbolism, Surrealism , spiritually significant,  biblical themes, ethereal   backgrounds, Christian symbolism, physic visions, narrative painting, Neosurrealism


Important Visionary Painters
Hieronymus Bosch (1453 - 1516) Dutch, Northern Renaissance
Matthias Grünewald (1434-1494) Flemish, Northern Renaissance
William Blake (1757 - 1827) English,
Frida Kahlo (1907 - 1954) Mexico, Surrealism
Gustave Moreau (1826 - 1898) French, Symbolist
Odilon Redon (1840-1916) French, Symbolist
Henri Rousseau (1844-1910) French
Sassetta (1394-1450) Italian, Sienese, Early Renaissance


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