The History of Art And The Curious Lives of Famous Painters

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Hubert van Eyck also known as Magister Hubertus

1385 – 1426

Northern Renaissance  Early Netherlandish, Antwerp School Painter

Stylistically influenced by the following painter - Rogier van der Weyden

Ghent Altarpiece or Adoration of the Mystic Lamb by Hubert van Eyck and Jan van Eyck c.1434  Oil on wooden panel at the National Gallery, London  

When Hubert van Eyck along with his brother Jan,  arrived in Bruges at the beginning of the fifteenth century they revolutionized painting with their refinements to oil painting formulas and techniques.  During the time of  Hubert van Eyck the culture and  the art of painting, was becoming more important to the people of Flanders. Manuscript illuminators laboring in the  scriptoriums of the great monastic houses were the first artists of the region. Painters such as Hubert were greatly influenced by those creative monks.   Flemish painting begins with the divine splendour of  brothers, Hubert van Eyck and Jan van Eyck.  

During his lifetime Hubert van Eyck was the most celebrated painter of the brothers. His visually stimulating and deeply thoughtful painting style inspired generations of artists.  The Ghent altar-piece was began by Hubert and finished by Jan. Hubert painted from real life in natural light. He gave his compositions true perspective and depicted realistic background landscapes. His figures are rendered in realistic detail with remarkable technical precision.

Important Words, People and Principal Phrases, Characteristics Related to the Northern Renaissance Art Movement -  allegorical painting,  rebirth, invention of oil painting,   Hieronymus Bosch, Limbourg Brothers, Desiderius Erasmus,  Robert Campin, Jan Van Eyck, Jean Fouquet, Albrecht Dürer, Johannes Gutenberg, Johann Reuchlin, Martin Luther, rise of the merchant class, world landscape,  Low Countries, Protestant Reformation, Calvinisim, glazing, impasto, scriptorium, illuminator, invention of the printing press, woodcuts, engravings, Antwerp School, Guild of Saint Luke, commerce, Flemish School, Northern Europe,  Flanders, Bruges, renewed interest in classical learning,  mythological scenes, genre painting, landscapes, portraits, moralizing overtones, human vices, lust, paradise, spirituality, piousness, living a simple life, reformHuman Reasoning,  tradesmen at work, idyllic scenes of peasantsplaying games, feasting,  linear perspective, \Heliocentric Theory, humour, satire,  spiritually significant, illuminated manuscriptidealized biblical themes, scriptorium, emotion, illuminator,  iconoclast, Age of Discovery, Virgin and Child, axonometric drawing, curiosity about the natural world,  realistic use of colours and lightOld Testament stories, Gospel parables, The Blackdeath,  Christian symbolism


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