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Edward Burne Jones

1833 - 1898

English Victorian Painter, Illustrator, Ceramist, Chiefly associated with the second generation of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (PRB)

Artistically and stylistically influenced the following painters and art periods; Early Renaissance, Botticelli  and Dante Gabriel Rossetti

Cause of Death - Heart Failure. He is buried in the churchyard at Rottingdean, Sussex, England

According to Edward Burne Jones biographer, Mary Schell Hoke Bacon, "This artist has been called the most original of all contemporaneous artists. He has also been called the "lyric painter"; meaning that he is to painting what the lyric poet is to literature. His work once known can almost always be recognized wherever seen afterward. He did not slavishly follow the Pre-Raphaelite school, yet he drew most of his ideas from its methods. He was, in the use of stiff lines, a follower of Botticelli, and not original in that detail, as some haveseemed to think."

The term Pre-Raphaelites refers to the great High Renaissance artist Raphael. Some members of the PRB referred to Raphael's work as utter rubbish and criticized his decadent sexualization of Biblical themes. Raphael died of syphilis and was known as a pleasure loving libertine. Some painters took particular issue with Raphael's leering cherubs and sensual Virgin Mary.  John Ruskin, famous Victorian Art Critic and major influence on the PRB warned "We live in an age of base conceit and baser servility—an age whose intellect is chiefly formed by pillage, and occupied in desecration; one day mimicking, the next destroying, the works of all the noble persons who made its intellectual or art life possible to it:—an age without honest confidence enough in itself to carve a cherry-stone with an original fancy, but with insolence enough to abolish the solar system, if it were allowed to meddle with it. In the midst of all this, you have to become lowly and strong" 

The idealistic Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood painters wanted to change the world with their art, much like the hippies of the 1960s. They scorned the pretentious conventionality of the Victorian era. They rebelled against the unbridled materialism and rampant hypocrisy that was all around them and  sought a return to spirituality, courtliness, brotherly love and piety. John Ruskin, famous Victorian Art Critic and major influence on the PRB, advised  "For when we are interested in the beauty of a thing, the oftener we can see it the better; but when we are interested only by the story of a thing, we get tired of hearing the same tale told over and over again, and stopping always at the same point — we want a new story presently, a newer and better one — and the picture of the day, and novel of the day, become as ephemeral as the coiffure or the bonnet of the day. Now this spirit is wholly adverse to the existence of any lovely art. If you mean to throw it aside to-morrow, you can never have it to-day."

Edward Burne Jones themes

Arthurian legends
femme fatale
Italian themes
classical themes
 historical themes
 literary themes

Writers who may have influenced Edward Burne Jones
Edward Bulwer-Lytton
John Keats
Coventry Patmore
Charles Dickens
Dinah Maria Mulock

Famous Artists of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood Movement

Dante Gabriel Rossetti
John Everett Millais
William Holman Hunt
Edward Robert Hughes
John William Godward
John William Waterhouse 
Lord Frederic Leighton
Edward Burne-Jones
Walter Howell Deverell



Key Descriptive Words  and Phrases associated with the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood  -  Quattrocento art, mythology, the classical world,  Pre-Raphaelite Journal, Margaret Gatty,  medieval era, mermaids, Florentine art, spiritually significant,, The Germ, idealized biblical themes, Jewish folklore,  19th century, avant-garde movement, Romantic poetry,  Goethe, Old Testament stories, ethereal and foggy backgrounds, mythology, history painting, 1848, Edward Bulwer-Lytton, John Keats, Shakespeare, Coventry Patmore, Charles Dickens, Tennyson, romanticized landscapes, Christian symbolism, Cyclographic Club, Early Renaissance painting,


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