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Hans Makart


Austrian, Academic Classicists Painter and Designer

Stylistically influenced by the following painters -  Paul Delaroche, Adolphe-William  Bouguereau and  Thomas Couture

Education - Vienna Academy of Fine Arts and later
at the Academy in Munich under Karl Theodor von Piloty

Burial Place - Makart died in Vienna and was buried at the Zentralfriedhof, Vienna.

Biography and Description of Hans Market's Painting style

Hans Makart was born in Salzburg in 1804. He became celebrated for his richly colored historical and legendary themed paintings. His dreamy pictures, painted in a dramatic and sensual style, had an extraordinary way of revealing a subjects spiritual qualities. Blithe elegance, and an ethereal atmosphere characterize his insightful painting style. As a painter he admired the sculptures of the ancient Greeks as well as Renaissance painters. Public authorities often condemned his decadent nudes and scandalous portrayals of historical figures.

Makart was a popular man and a successful painter in Vienna. He was also known for the many outrageous parties he threw in his sumptuously appointed atelier. His studio was the place to be seen for European royalty, politicians, painters and writers.  He was the leading celebrity in Vienna and the Andy Warhol of his generation

About the Academic Classicism Painting Style

Followers of this movement were influenced by the high standards of the French Académie des Beaux-Arts, which practiced under the movements of Neoclassicism and RomanticismAcademic Classicism attempted to merge both techniques to create the perfect style. It is characterized by adhering to a strict manner of painting, following narrow compositional rules and delicacy of color. The atmospheric effects are sumptuously luminescent. According to art historian, Walter Pater "To produce such effects at all requires all the resources of painting, with its power of indirect expression, of subordinate but significant detail, its atmosphere, its foregrounds and backgrounds."

Description of the Academic Classicism Painting style

Arthurian legends and classical mythology used by Rococo artists was made fashionable again by Academic Classicists painters. This mesmerizing style favored  Greek, Roman and Renaissance themes. According to Solomon Gessner, the great German painter and art historian, "By studying the works of Greek sculptors the painter can attain the sublimest conceptions of beauty, and learn what must be added to nature in order to give to the imitation dignity and propriety. 

Famous Painters of Academic Classicists Movement

 Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky, 1817-1900

Adolphe-William  Bouguereau1825-1905

Charles Emile August  Carolus-Duran, 1837-1917

Leon Francois Comerre,  1850-1916

Pierre-Auguste  Cot 1837-1883

Thomas Couture, 1815-1879

Paul Delaroche 1797-1856

Eugene Fromentin,  1820-1876

Jean Leon Gerome,  1824-1904

 Jean-Paul Laurens1838-1921

 Adolphe Alexandre Lesrel,  1839-1929

Luc Olivier Merson,  1846-1920

Hans Makart,  1840 - 1884

Giulio Rosati,  1858-1917

 Franz Xavier  Winterhalter, 1805-1873

William Clarke Wontner, 1857-1930

Key Descriptive Words  and Phrases associated with the
Academic Classicism Painting Style -
Classicism, rigid Academic standards, ancient Greece, Rome, Herculaneum, Pompeii, neoclassicism, romantic movement, European academies, French Académie des Beaux-Arts, Romanticism, academism, academicism, accademic training, highly romantic, inspired by historical and mythological stories, L'art pompier, the Grand Tour, eclecticism, classical realism, historicism, 19th century, syncretism, academician, Victorian Classicism



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