The History of Art And The Curious Lives of Famous Painters



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Quentin Massys

1466?- 1530

One of the Greatest Painters Of All Time

Northern Renaissance Painter

The Moneylender and His Wife c.1514

The early 1500s  saw the demise of feudalism and patronage shifted from super wealthy church to the merchant class.  Businessmen, tradesmen and prosperous women of the merchant class began collecting and commissioning works of art. These new patrons favored paintings that included a moralizing overtones,  domestic scenes, peasants at work and play, fantastical landscapes, dogs, cats, birds, children and household goods.

 One of the major difference between Italian Renaissance and Northern Renaissance is that Northern painters were not particularly interested in decadent Greek and Roman influences, focusing more on domestic scenes, satire, and philosophical themes. The Italian Renaissance painters focused heavily on religion, Roman Catholicism. Popes and church hierarchy were wealthy, powerful rulers. Like kings they were depicted in elaborate settings swaddled in furs and silks. Humanism was  emerging, and religious devotion, though still an important part of people's lives, was being restructured to accommodate the belief that man can be master his own  fate. 

Trinity with St. Sebastian and St. Roch c.1518

Important Words, People, Phrases, Chactoristics related to the Northern Renaissance Art Movement -  allegorical, Gospel parables,  rebirth, 1 point perspective, Hieronymus Bosch, Limbourg Brothers, Robert Campin, Jan Van Eyck, Jean Fouquet, formation of a merchant class, glazing, impasto, scriptorium, illuminator, invention of the printing press, woodcuts, engravings, Antwerp, commerce, Northern Europe,  Bruges, mythological scenes, genre painting, landscapes, portraits, moralizing overtones, human vices, lust, Protestant Reformation, paradise, spirituality, piousness, living a simple life, reformHuman Reasoning,  merchant class at work, idyllic scenes of peasantsplaying games, feasting,  linear perspectiveHeliocentric Theory,  spiritually significant,  illuminated manuscriptidealized biblical themes, scriptorium, emotion, illuminator,  iconoclast, Age of Discovery, Virgin and Child, axonometric drawing, curiosity about the natural world,  realistic use of colours and lightBonfire of the Vanities, Old Testament stories, Gospel parables, The Blackdeath,  Christian symbolism

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