The History of Art And The Curious Lives of Famous Painters



Search:: Artists Alphabetically   Artists by Country   Artists by Century   Artists by Movement

Alphonse Mucha


Monrovian Painter and the Father of Art Nouveau

Cause of Death -  Murdered, he died shortly after an "official questioning session" by the Gestapo in 1939. Damn those Nazis! Read more about the how the Nazis persecuted artists -  Entartete Kunst

Alphonse Mucha

Alphonse Mucha Biography

Alphonse Mucha was born in the tiny town of Ivancice, Moravia, in the modern Czech Republic. Mucha started drawing before he was walking, his early years were spent involved in Church activities. As a teenager he fancied himself a amateur musician. His father hounded him into seeking "upright" employment but Alphonse was miserable as a clerk in the local township. Mucha was drawn to the promise of Paris and arrived in 1887. Mucha was quite the social butterfly and started a traditional artists ball, Bal des Quat'z Arts. His work is known for it's beautiful and visionary spirit. Alphonse Mucha is known as the father of Art Nouveau.

Alphonse Mucha Inspirational Art Quotation

During a tropical heat I am thinking about how cold it is where you are...It is beautiful here, quiet - woods of "wilderness". -- Alphonse Mucha Quote

The Art Nouveau style is characterized by strong compositions, natural colors,  sensuous curves derived from nature  and graceful flowing lines. Reality and stylization are fully integrated throughout the entire composition.  Heavily influenced by Japanese woodblock prints, the highly stylized organic, ornamental shapes and patterns quickly infused all aspects of design and later inspired the Art Deco movement.

Art Nouveau  first appeared in the mid 1880s, lasting into the early 1900s. The style developed in Paris.  Alphonse Mucha Gustav Klimt and  Théophile Steinlen are most closely associated with the Art Nouveau style.  Artists of this style emphasized intensely erotic themes as well as mythology and litrature. Favoring: Eve, flowers, butterflies, Lilith, serpents and nature motifs.  Art Nouveau designs influenced jewelry, architectural design,  wallpaper and furniture,  posters,  magazine and calendar illustration.

Masters of the Art Nouveau Style

Théophile Steinlen, Swiss, 1859-1923

Gustav Klimt, Austrian, 1862-1918

Aubrey Beardsley, British, 1872-1898

Alphonse Mucha, Czechoslovakian, 1860-1939

 Antonio Gaudí, Spanish, 1852-1926

 Hector Guimard, French, 1867-1942)

 Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, French, 1861-1901

Art Nouveau Gallery


© If you like this page and wish to share it, you are welcome to link to it, with our thanks. updated 3/7/2017

If you feel you have worthwhile information you would like to contribute we would love to hear from you. We collect essential biographical information and artist quotes from folks all over the globe and appreciate your participation. When submitting please, if possible, site the source and provide English translation. Email to