The History of Art And The Curious Lives of Famous Artists
Art is either plagiarism or revolution. - Paul Gauguin

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A List of The Most Important Masterpieces in Western Art History

A List of The 50 Greatest Paintings in the History of Art.

The Fall of the Rebel Angels c.1562   Pieter Bruegel the Elder Northern Renaissance  Flemish

Landscape with Charon Crossing the Styx 
Joachim Patinir (1480 –1524) Northern Renaissance  Flemish

The Ninth Wave  c.1850 Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky (1817-1900) Russian, Academic

The Annunciation c.1432 Fra Angelico (1395 - 1455)  Italian, Florentine, Early Renaissance

Tiger on the Watch
Jean Leon Gerome 1824-1904)  French, Academic

Annunciation Triptych (Merode Altarpiece) c.1375–1444
Robert Campin 1375-1444


 The Last Judgement c. 1505 Hieronymus Bosch (1453 - 1516) Dutch, Northern Renaissance



 Garden of Earthly Delights c.1500 Hieronymus Bosch (1453 - 1516) Dutch, Northern Renaissance


Watson and the Shark, c. 1777 John Singleton Copley (1738-1815) American Colonial Era Portraitist and Historical Painter


 The Birth of Venus c.1486 Alessandro Botticelli (1445 - 1510) Italian, Florentine, Renaissance


The Tower of Babel c.1563  Pieter Brueghel the Elder (1525 - 1569) Flemish, Northern Renaissance

The Thankful Poor c.1894 Henry Ossawa Tanner    (1859-1937)  American  Realist

Landscape with the Fall of Icarus c. 1558 Pieter Brueghel the Elder (1525 - 1569) Flemish, Northern Renaissance

 Boy Bitten by a Lizard. c.1594 Caravaggio (1573 - 1610) Italian, Baroque


 Les grandes baigneuses, c 1900 Paul Cézanne (1839 - 1906) French, Post-Impressionist



 Deposition from the Cross c.1525 Antonio Allegri da Correggio (1489 – 1534) Italian, Renaissance

The Dream c. 1910 by Henri Rousseau


 The Desperate Man c. 1845 Gustave Courbet (1819 - 1877) French, Realist

 Mona Lisa c. 1503  Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) Italian, Renaissance

Adam and Eve
c. 1533 Lucas Cranach the Elder (1472 - 1553) German, Northern Renaissance


 Christ's Entry into Brussels in 1889  c. 1888 James Ensor (1860 - 1949) Belgian  Expressionist

 Virgin and Child c.1340 Bernardo Daddi (1290-1348) Italian, Florentine, Early Renaissance





The Death of Marat French c.1793  Jacques-Louis David (1748 - 1824) French, Neoclassical




The Gross Clinic c.1875 Thomas Eakins (1844 - 1916) American, Realist



The Resurrection, 1460   Piero della Francesca (1422-1492) Italian, Renaissance

Piero della Francesca, Italian, 1422-1492.. Early Renaissance


Dante Illuminating Florence with his Poem c.1465  Domenico Di Michelino, (1417  - 1491) Italian, Florentine, High Renaissance



 War Cripples c.1920 Otto Dix (1891 - 1969) German, Expressionist




 Self-Portrait at 26 c.1498 Albrecht Dürer (1471 - 1528)  German, Northern Renaissance



 Virgin and Child Surrounded by Angels  Jean Fouquet (1420 - 1481)  French, Early Renaissance

 Mary, Countess Howe c.1763  Thomas Gainsborough (1727 - 1788) English, Rococo




Vision after the Sermon; Jacob Wrestling with the Angel c. 1888 Paul Gauguin (1848 - 1903)  French, Post-Impressionist


The Yellow Christ c.1889 Paul Gauguin (1848 - 1903)  French, Post-Impressionist



 Sleeping Venus, 1501  Giorgione (1477-1510) Italian, Venetian, High Renaissance



 The Tempest c.1508 Giorgione (1477-1510) Italian, Venetian, High Renaissance



 The Lamentation of Christ c.1305 Giotto (1267 - 1337) Italian, Florentine, Early Renaissance



 The City c.1917 George Grosz (1893–1959) German Expressionist




 Suicide c.1916 George Grosz (1893–1959) German Expressionist






 The Third of May, 1808  c.1814  Francisco Goya (1746 - 1828) Spanish, Rococo


The Temptation of St. Anthony c.1513 Matthias Grünewald (1434-1494) Flemish, Northern Renaissance


 The Peaceable Kingdom c.1826 Edward Hicks (1780-1849)  American


 Wooded Landscape with Water Mill c.1662  Meindert Hobbema (1638-1709) Dutch, Baroque

The Ambassadors c.1533 Hans Holbein the Younger (1497-1543) German, Northern Renaissance



Grande Odalisque c. 1814 Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres (1780 - 1867) French, Neoclassical



Fish Magic c. 1925  Paul Klee (1879 - 1940)  Swiss Expressionist

Le Moulin de la Gallette
c. 1876. 
Pierre August Renoir  (1841-1919)  French Impressionist


The Girlfriends c.1916   Gustav Klimt (1862 - 1918) Austrian, Art Nouveau



 Moulin Rouge c.1895 Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (1864 - 1897) French, Art Nouveau/Post-Impressionist



Allegory and Effects of Good and Bad Government Ambrogio Lorenzetti (1290-1348) Italian, Sienese, Early Renaissance




The Fate of the Animals c. 1913 Franz Marc (1880 - 1916) German, Fauvist


Olympia c.1863 Édouard Manet (1832 - 1833) French, Impressionist



The Lamentation over the Dead Christ
c. 1490  Andrea Mantegna (1431-1506) Italian, Renaissance


The Moneylender and His Wife c. 1514  Quentin Massys (1466–1530  Flemish, Northern Renaissance, Antwerp school





Allegory of Chastity c. 1475  Hans Memling (1434-1494) German, Flemish



Harlequin's Carnival c. 1925 Joan Miro (1893 - 1983) Spanish




Nude Sitting on a Divan c.1917 Amedeo Modigliani (1884 - 1920)  Italian, Expressionist




 Woman with a Parasol c. 1875 Claude Monet (1840 - 1926) French, Impressionist





 The Apparition c.1876 Gustave Moreau (1826 - 1898) French, Symbolist





 Baptism of Christ, 1568 Juan Fernandez Navarrete (1526-1579) Spanish, Mannerist




 Lady Lilith c. 1868 Dante Gabriel Rossetti (1828 - 1882) English, Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood

The Sleeping Gypsy c.1897  Henri Rousseau (1844-1910) French



Daniel in the Lion's Den, c.1615 Peter Paul Rubens (1577 - 1640) Flemish, Baroque



The Artists Wife c.1917   Egon Schiele (1890 - 1918) Austrian, Expressionist

 Bathers at Asnieres, 1884  Georges Seurat (1859 - 1891) French, Pointillist



Finding of the Body of St Mark c. 1562  Tintoretto (1518 - 1594) Italian, Venetian, High Renaissance


 Bacchus and Ariadne c.1525 Titian (1477 - 1576) Italian, Venetian, High Renaissance



Ancient Italy Ovid Banished From Rome c. 1838 Joseph Mallord Turner (1775-1851) English


 Niagara Gorge 1891 John Henry Twachtman (1853-1902) American, Tonalist


Portrait of a Woman with a Winged Bonnet c. 1435 Rogier van der Weyden (1399-1464)  Flemish 




Adoration of the Mystic Lamb c. 1434 Jan van Eyck (1385 - 1441) Flemish, Northern Renaissance





Girl with a Pearl Earring c. 1665  Jan Vermeer (1632 - 1675)  Dutch, Baroque


The Baptism of Christ, Andrea del Verrocchio c. 1475  Andrea del Verrocchio (1435-1488) Italian, Florentine, Early Renaissance


Starry Night Over the Rhone, 1888, Vincent van Gogh (1853 - 1890)  Dutch, Post-Impressionist


 The Maids of Honor c. 1656 Diego Velazquez (1599 - 1660) Spanish, Baroque


 The Embarkation for Cythera Jean-Antoine Watteau (1684 - 1721) French, Rococo,

Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2 c. 1920 Marcel Duchamp (1887- 1968)  French Dadaist


  Leda and the Swan c. 1513 Pontormo  (1494-1557)  Italian, Mannerist


,The Cyclops c.1914 Odilon Redon (1840-1916) French, Symbolist

The Night Watch c.1642   Rembrandt van Rijn Dutch Baroque


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Art is either plagiarism or revolution. - Paul Gauguin