The History of Art And The Curious Lives of Famous Painters


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19th century Expressionist masterpieces (click to enlarge)

Important Expressionist Painters Born in the 19th Century
Listed Alphabetically

James Ensor (1860 - 1949) Belgian
George Grosz (1893-1959) German
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (1880 - 1938) German
Paul Klee (1879 - 1940)  Swiss Expressionist
Amedeo Modigliani (1884 - 1920)  Italian
Edvard Munch (1863 - 1944) Norwegian
Emil Nolde (1867 - 1956) German
Egon Schiele (1890 - 1918) Austrian


Expressionist art was conceived in opposition of Impressionism.  The Expressionist craved emotional drama, pure color and innovation. Edvard Munch asserted "Painting picture by picture, I followed the impressions my eye took in at heightened moments. I painted only memories, adding nothing, no details that I did not see. Hence the simplicity of the paintings, their emptiness. " Expressionist painters look inward at their own emotions, and less on the outside world. Painters of the Expressionist generation grew up on the battlefield, witnessing wartime atrocities and returning to war ravaged countries.

Key Descriptive Words  and Phrases associated with Expressionst Painting Germany, early 20th century, emotional effects, emotional experience, avant-garde, emotional angst, Herwarth Walden, Der Sturm, graphic art, Die Brücke, Der Blaue Reiter, Friedrich Nietzsche, psychological depths, symbolic colors, exaggerated imagery, human psyche, exaggeration, primitivism, jarring colors, self-expression, expression intensity, printmaking, psychological,emotional themes, existential anguish, industrial modern age, individual genius, sense of movement, energy

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