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August Macke


German Expressionist Painter  and member of the Blaue Reiter Movement

Influences - Paul Klee, Franz Marc , Wassily Kandinsky, Ernst Kirchner  and Henri Matisse

Education - Duesseldorfer Academy of Arts

Medium - Tempera on wood

Cause of Death -  Died in battle (several bullet wounds) in the First World War

The German Expressionist Movement

German Expressionists, August Macke, George Grosz, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Emil Nolde and Oskar Kokoschka  dominated the art scene with powerful, emotional work based on the human struggle and futility of war. Macke asserted "What I most cherish is the observation of the movement of colors. Only in this have I found the laws of those simultaneous and complementary color contrasts that nourish the actual rhythm of my vision. In this I find the actual essence, an essence which is not born out of an a priori system or theory."

Many German Painters of this generation lost friends on the battlefield, were wounded or suffered from post-traumatic stress syndrome. Their soul searing art-work is a reflection of the turmoil and social strife that they endured.

Key Descriptive Words  and Phrases associated with Expressionst Painting -   Germany, early 20th century, emotional effects, emotional experience, avant-garde, emotional angst, Herwarth Walden, Der Sturm, graphic art, Die Brücke, Der Blaue Reiter, Friedrich Nietzsche, psychological depths, symbolic colors, exaggerated imagery, human psyche, exaggeration, primitivism, jarring colors, self-expression, expression intensity, printmaking, psychological,emotional themes, existential anguish, industrial modern age, individual genius, sense of movement, energy




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