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Dada

1916-1924

    

"Dada is beautiful like the night, who cradles the young day in her arms." - Hans Arp
 

 "The beginnings of Dada were not the beginnings of an art, but of a disgust. Disgust with the magnificence of philosophers who for 3ooo years have been explaining everything to us (what for? ), disgust with the pretensions of these artists-God's-representatives-on-earth, disgust with passion and with real pathological wickedness where it was not worth the bother; disgust with a false form of domination and restriction *en masse*, that accentuates rather than appeases man's instinct of domination, disgust with all the catalogued categories, with the false prophets who are nothing but a front for the interests of money, pride, disease, disgust with the lieutenants of a mercantile art made to order according to a few infantile laws, disgust with the divorce of good and evil, the beautiful and the ugly (for why is it more estimable to be red rather than green, to the left rather than the right, to be large or small?). Disgust finally with the Jesuitical dialectic which can explain everything and fill people's minds with oblique and obtuse ideas without any physiological basis or ethnic roots, all this by means of blinding artifice and ignoble charlatans promises." -- Tristan Tzara, 1922
 

 Famous Artists who were part  of the Dadaist Movement (at some point in their artistic career)

Max Ernst- Germany

Guillaume Apollinaire

Marcel Duchamp (1887- 1968)  French Dadaist

Kurt Schwitters

 Alfred Stieglitz

George Grosz (18931959) German Expressionist

Man Ray

The Dadaist art movement (or rather non-movement) was declared Entartete Kunst by the evil Nazis

The years 1927-37 were alarming and terrifying for artists in Germany.   In 1937 The National Socialist Society for German Culture held an art exhibition in Munich.  The Nazis  called the exhibit Entartete Kunst, or Degenerate Art.   During this time  over 22 thousand art-works by more than 200 artists of that time were confiscated. The National Socialist Society for German Culture  declared artists of the banned paintings, mostly Expressionists,  Cubists Dadaism, Surrealist, Fauvists, nineteenth-century Impressionist and Post-Impressionist  to be  insane and morally corrupt. Adolf Hitler stated "As for the degenerate artists, I forbid them to force their so-called experiences upon the public. If they do see fields blue, they are deranged, and should go to an asylum. If the only pretend to see them blue, they are criminals, and should go to prison. I will purge the nation of them."

The justification for deciding on what could be classified as  "degenerate" art was relatively straightforward and spiteful: any painting or sculpture that was in conflict with Hitler's artistic philosophy, was considered to be "Entartete Kunst".   Hitler famously once stated "Anyone who sees and paints a sky green and fields blue ought to be sterilized."

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