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Famous Painters of the Fauve Style

 Raoul Dufy (1877-1953)

Maurice Vlaminck (1876-1958)

Matisse (1869-1954)

Henri Manguin (1874-1949)

Georges Braque (1882-1963)

 Franz Marc (1880-1916)

André Derain (1880-1954)

The Fauvist movement was the exuberant stepchild
 pointillism and impressionism. The movement was led by Henri Matisse. The Fauves emphasized vivid colors, hearty brushstrokes and simplified forms. Raoul Dufy declared, "I don't follow any system. All the laws you can lay down are only so many props to be cast aside when the hour of creation arrives." The subject matter of the Fauve painters is often impulsive and innovative. They generally favored seascapes, the French countryside, portraits, nudes, and domestic interiors. The Fauve palette is what set them apart. They used paint directly from the tube and never mixed their colors. Fauvist painters loved deep reds, oranges, and bright greens.  Their unusual palette seemed intense, garish, even offensive to some. André Derain observed, "We were always intoxicated with color, with words that speak of color, and with the sun that makes colors live."

This new style of paintings was a reflection of the transformation that was taking place in Europe, the change from the restrictive Victorian age to a more enlightened, tolerant society. "Matisse stated "Expression, for me, does not reside in passions glowing in a human face or manifested by violent movement. The entire arrangement of my picture is expressive; the place occupied by the figures, the empty spaces around them, the proportions, everything has its share."

When the Fauvists held their first exhibit, the daring forms and vivid colors outraged the Paris art world. Critics stormed out and threw glasses of wine at some of the paintings. One critic, Marcel Dupree, was so aghast at the Fauvist paintings he vomited outside the gallery and took to his bed for several weeks.

 The Fauvist movement reflects a number of influences including: Japanese woodblock prints, and French artists, Paul Cezanne and Paul Gauguin. 



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