Education - studied
under Carel Fabritius
Religious Affiliation - Dutch Reformed Church, he later converted Catholicism
Cause of Death - unknown
About the Artist
In the northern Dutch Baroque artistic era, commissions from the Church were almost nonexistent. Prosperous merchants, bankers and factory owners purchased painting through commercial galleries. They also commissioned painters directly. Vermeer's magnificent paintings, although very much appreciated today, were hardly noticed during his lifetime. After he passed away at just 43, his wife and children were forced to sell off all of his work to pay off debts.
Vermeer was a master at capturing the moods of his subjects, from his atmospheric effects, the glory of his light, the sumptuous warmth of his domestic interior scenes, and the inexplicable sensuality of so many of his works in every genre. Vermeer is best known for the portrait of his maid, 'Girl with a Pearl Earring'. His luminous colors even now shine with surprising glow after so many centuries, and his draftsmanship inspires admiration.
Associated With The
Dutch Golden Age
Key Descriptive Words and Phrases associated with Dutch Baroque Painting - 17th Century, Holland, Dutch Golden Age, shallow space, prosperity, social solidarity, rise of the merchant class, international commerce, Protestant, commercial art galleries, Protestantism, naturalistic details, trompe l’oeil, shallow theatrical space, wealthy patrons, tenebrism, loose style, genre paintings publication of Della Pittura, a book about the laws of mathematical perspective for artists, realistic use of colors and light
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