Cause of Death - typhoid
Description and Origins of the Neoclassic Art Movement
James Barry expressed through his art a belief in rights for the common
man and political liberty. Scandalously, he was the only painter ever
kicked out of the Royal Academy. The ruling hierarchy despised his
controversial views and considered him threat to the political and
artistic status quo. Barry ended up in financial ruin until a member of
the aristocracy allotted him a generous pension.
The period is called neoclassical because its artists looked back to the art and culture of classical Greece and Rome. The spread of Neoclassical Art was primarily inspired by recent roman archeological excavations, including Pompeii and by gay art historian Johann Joachim Winckelmann. Winckelmann wrote about sculptures and architecture from Classical Antiquity thereby encouraging an interest in Greek antiquities. Neoclassical art is characterized by its classical form and structure, clarity, and to an degree, realism.
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References - Richard Muther, The History of Modern Painting, Henry and Co., London, 1896