The Illuminated Manuscripts of the Limbourg Brothers
Paul, Herman and John Limbourg
Dutch Medieval Illuminators
The brothers were born sometime in the 1370s and they all died of the plague in 1416
The Limbourg Brothers were masters of illuminated manuscript painting.
They had an extraordinary courtly style, graceful and refined. In the
year 1413 Paul, Herman and John Limbourg
Sadly the Duke along with all three brothers perished in the plague epidemic of 1416 and the book was not completed until some time later. In Medieval times book illumination materials were extremely costly, and included ground up precious stones and gold and silver leaf. The labour involved was tremendous and illustrated manuscripts often took years and sometimes decades to complete. Only the rich and powerful could afford to purchase such masterpieces. The best illuminators, such as the Limbourg Brothers, were celebrities, highly sought after. They received sumptuous gifts and money from their royal patrons.
Illuminated manuscripts represented early Christian culture and values as well as courtly splendor. Most prominently featured are the holy symbols of the Christian faith--Christ, Saints, The Cross, Virgin Mary, Chalice, Keys, The Anchor, Wheat , Animals, Fish, Angels, Birds, Insects and Satan.
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References -Illuminated Manuscripts, by John W. Bradley 1895