The History of Art And The Curious Lives of Famous Painters
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
German Expressionist Painter and one of the founding member of the Dresden based artists called Die Brücke ("The Bridge")
Education: Technische Hochschule in Dresden, Germany
Mental Health: He was emotionally fragile and suffered several mental breakdowns throughout his life.
Cause of Death - Depressed over the rise of Nazism and the destruction of Modern Art, he committed suicide in Switzerland. The Nazis defamed his work as “Entartete Kunst” in 1937 and seized all of his paintings on exhibit in public museums.
Characteristics and Descriptive Words and Phrases associated with Expressionist Painting - Germany, early 20th century, emotional effects, emotional experience, avant-garde, emotional angst, Herwarth Walden, Der Sturm, Entartete Kunst, graphic art, Die Brücke, Der Blaue Reiter, Friedrich Nietzsche, psychological depths, symbolic colors, exaggerated imagery, human psyche, exaggeration, primitivism, jarring colors, self-expression, expression intensity, printmaking, psychological,emotional themes, existential anguish, industrial modern age, individual genius, sense of movement, energy
Information About The Expressionist Art Movement
"To restrict the artist is a crime. It is to murder germinating life." - Egon Schiele
The Expressionist art movement was
conceived in opposition to Impressionism.
The Expressionist painters required emotional drama, pure color and
innovation. James Ensor, Belgian,
Expressionist Painter observed,
"My art tends toward the literary. My pictures tend toward the
outskirts of painting: But why generalize? It is possible to realize
one thing or another, according to the impressions gained from one
point of view or another. But it is too difficult to make a general
They disdained dreamy landscapes,
water lilies and Japanese bridges. Controversial Austrian
Expressionist Painter, Egon
Schiele asserted, "I must
see new things and investigate them. I want to taste dark water and see
crackling trees and wild winds." Expressionist painters looked inward
at their own emotions, and less upon the outside world for inspiration.
Painters of the Expressionist generation grew up on the battlefield,
witnessing wartime atrocities and returning to war ravaged countries.
The Greatest Expressionist Painters of All Time
James Ensor Belgian, 1860-1949 Expressionist Painter
Alexei Jawlensky Russian, 1864-1941 Expressionist Painter
Ernst Kirchner German, 1880-1938 Expressionist Painter
Paul Klee Swiss, 1879-1940 Expressionist Painter
August Macke German, 1887-1914 Expressionist Painter
Franz Marc German, 1880-1916 Expressionist / Fauvist
Edvard Munch Norwegian, 1863-1944 Symbolist/Expressionist
Emil Nolde German, 1867-1956 Expressionist Painter
Rouault French, 1871-1958 Expressionist Painter
Egon Schiele Austrian, 1890-1918 Expressionist Painter
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