also known as Giovanni Antonio Canal
Italian Rococo Painter
Education -worked and in his fathers studio, Bernardo Canal and later studied under Gentile Bellini and Giovanni Bellini
Cause of Death - stroke
technique - oil on linen or oak panel
Despite Canaletto's considerable knowledge of and borrowings from old masters, he remained in the last analysis a Rocco painter through and through. His diaphanous golden lighting of Italian landscapes carries the assurance of an artist saturated with the Mediterranean tradition. His dramatic, velvety application of paint and skillful depiction of nature have a freshness and liveliness unequaled in the work of any of his contemporaries. Canaletto lived during exciting and restless times. The world was in transition. Europeans were changing with the development of an intellectual movement called "The Enlightenment". Writers and artists grew uneasy at the all-pervading censorship by the monarchy and church. People were becoming resentful over paying taxes to support a wealthy, absolutely useless aristocracy.
People were becoming fascinated with science, art and new philosophies. The power of the clergy and landed gentry began to gradually weaken. Italy in Canaletto's time was relatively free of strife. He opposed tyranny and dogma, devoting his life to capturing the noble beauty of Venice. He loved painting in the early morning hours, capturing the old world splendor of cathedrals and weather beaten palaces. Canaletto is most remembered for his gift at depicting glowing light spreading over water.
Characteristic of Rococo art was paintings of carefree aristocrats at play in make-believe settings. These romantic scenes depict luxuriously costumed ladies and gentlemen flirting, picnicking and playing music at gallant country parties. The background scenery is often a serene natural setting with delicate trees and sprays of roses. Colors are a profusion of soothing, light pastels. The Rococo movement was initially restricted to France, later spreading to all of Europe and above all to Germany. The movement continued to develop until the arrival of Neoclassicism which attempted to return to the purism of classical antiquity. Principle Artists of the Rococo Period Pompeo Batoni Italian,1708-1787
Bernardo Bellotto Italian,1720-1780
Francois Boucher French, 1703-1770
Canaletto Italian, 1697-1768
Jean-Baptiste Simeon Chardin French, 1699-1779
Jean-Honoré Fragonard French, 1732-1806
Thomas Gainsborough English, 1727-1823
Francisco de Goya Spanish, 1746-1828
Thomas Hudson English,1701-1779
Jean-Marc Nattier French, 1685-1766
Joshua Reynolds English, 1723-1792
Paul Sandby English, 1730-1809
Jean Antoine Watteau French, 1684-1721
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