The History of Art And The Curious Lives of Famous Painters




 Late Renaissance Painter Associated with the Ferrarese School

Stylistically influenced by the following painters -  Lorenzo Costa, Ercole de’Roberti, Raphael and Dosso Dossi

Education - studied under Raphael

Cause of Death -  old age




One of the most significant Ferrarese painters of the sixteenth century. Garofalo, whose original name was Benvenuto Tisi, was born in Ferrara and later studied under Raphael in Rome. He collaborated with both Dosso Dossi and Raphael on an assortment of religious commissions. His work is gracefully elegant, warm in color, and shows the influence of previous painters of the Ferrara school. Garofalo is most celebrated for his spiritually uplifting biblical themed paintings. His most celebrated masterpiece is the 'Resurrection of Lazarus.



About The High Renaissance Period

Classical humanism, was a major factor of the Italian Renaissance. This philosophical movement was based on the idea that every persons life had value and dignity. Humanism also stressed  man's position in the natural world. The Humanists  believed modern man should look to the classical writings and art of the ancient Greeks and Romans as exemplary guides for ethical living and scholarship. Francesco Petrarch, 1304-1374,  called the Father of Humanism, Italian Intellectual, Poet, and Humanist stated, "No one intellect should ever strive for distinction in more than one pursuit. Those who boast of preeminence in many arts are either divinely endowed or utterly shameless or simply mad. Who ever heard of such presumption in olden times, on the part of either Greeks or men of our own race? It is a new practice, a new kind of effrontery. To-day men write up over their doors inscriptions full of vainglory, containing claims which, if true, would make them, as Pliny puts it, superior even to the law of the land.. ."

During the Renascence the spirit of an era awoke, revitalized with knowledge and creativity. Although art still served a specific functions, which were primarily religious, painters added more of their individual spirit and personal vision to their creations. John Ruskin, famous art historian declared, "The art of any country is the exponent of its social and political virtues . The art, or general productive and formative energy, of any country, is an exact exponent of its ethical life. you can have noble art only from noble persons, associated under laws fitted to their time and circumstance."

The major painters of the Renaissance were not only artists but men of great genius who gave the world their great intellectual gifts. Florentine and Venetian painting were both formed by extraordinary personalities. These independent creative geniuses tackled mathematical, artistic and philosophical problems of the highest interest, and presented solutions that have never lost their value. The sense of humanism pervading renaissance painting is still palpable. The painters touched on a multitude of  issues regarding the human condition - death, love, reason, religion, universal morality, social problems.



Key Descriptive Words  and Phrases associated with the Renaissance Movement rebirth, rediscovery of the classical world,  publication of Della Pittura, a book about the laws of mathematical perspective for artists,  sfumato, chiaroscuro, Savonarola, spiritually significant,  illuminated manuscript,  idealized biblical themes, scriptorium, illuminator, plague, Age of Discovery, curiosity about the natural world,  convincing use of colours and  light,  Bonfire of the Vanities, Old Testament stories, ethereal and murky backgrounds, Gospel parables, romanticized landscapes,  Christian symbolism.

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The Annunciation (Dove Detail)
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Madonna and Child with Sa...
Benvenuto Garofalo
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The Most Important Painters of the Italian Late Renaissance

Andrea del Sarto
Mariotto Albertinelli
Fra Bartolommeo
Jacopo Bassano
Giovanni Bellini 
Domenico Brusasorci
Giulio Campi
Domenico Di Michelino
Lorenzo Costa
Dosso Dossi
Francesco Francia
Ridolfo Ghirlandaio
Leonardo da Vinci
Lorenzo Lotto
Bernardino Luini
Michelangelo Buonarroti
Baldassare Peruzzi
Piero di Cosimo
Jacob Tintoretto
Marcantonio Raimondi
Ercole de’Roberti