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Hermann Ottomar Herzog

1831-1932

German born American  Landscape Painter associated with the Hudson River School

Artistically and stylistically influenced by the following painters - Hans Gude, Albert Bierstadt, Frederic Edwin Church and Thomas Cole

Education - Dusseldorf Academy, Germany

Cause of Death - Old age, he died at 101 years of age.

Mediums - oil on canvas

About the Artist

Herzog's luminous landscapes were collected for their vibrant realism and shimmering atmospheric effects.  A modest but determined man, he was a prolific painter and gained early financial success through a series of wise investments. His wealthy patrons included Queen Victoria of England and Czar Alexander of Russia. Herzog is best known for his dramatic landscapes of Yosemite national forest.  He loved to sketch directly from nature and frequently journeyed to California, Oregon, Wyoming, and Colorado. His  paintings convey an immense reverence for the natural landscape in all its grandeur.



At the Mill Falls, c.1862, Hermann Ottomar Herzog
Important Artists Associated With The Hudson River School
 
Albert Bierstadt American 1830-1902
Thomas Cole, American, 1801-1848
Herman Herzog German, 1831-1932
Thomas Hill, English, 1829-1908
Thomas Moran English born American1837-1926
George Inness American, 1825-1894 
Frederic Edwin Church, American, 1826-1900
George Loring Brown, American, 1814-1889
Thomas Chambers, English, 1808-1866
Asher B. Durand, American, 1796-1886




  

The Hudson River School

1825-1875

Throughout the history of the United States, the American wilderness has been fundamentally important in creating a national identity.  The Hudson River School was a mid-19th century American art movement founded by Thomas Cole in 1825. Using the river as inspiration, these painters were celebrated for their realistic depictions of the regions stunning and distinctive landscape. Their radiant, majestic style was influenced by European romanticism. The artists shared common design aesthetics uniting them as a school despite their distinctive styles. The painters focused on the American wilderness, particularly the Hudson River Valley as well as the Catskill Mountains and Adirondack Mountains. The paintings were spectacular and dramatic reflecting the wilderness environment. The artists moved their studios out of doors and sketched directly from nature focusing on the drama of light and shadow. Many paintings depict a  rugged landscape, dramatic sunrise or ominous storm clouds brewing in the distance. The works were painstakingly detailed and celebrate Gods divine handiwork in nature.


Hot Springs of Gardiner's River by Thomas Moran

The mid 1850s was a time of unprecedented development for the young nation, and the Hudson River painters depicted the vastness and beautify of a country proud of its natural resources. They  embraced nature and showed a remarkable attention to detail within the natural landscape. This school popularized the idea of  Manifest Destiny and came to symbolize American vitality, independence and nationalism. Today, works by the Hudson River school artists are treasured as the first uniquely American school of art and for their beauty and significance to art, history and culture

The mid 1850s was a time of unprecedented development for the young nation, and the Hudson River painters depicted the vastness and beautify of a country proud of its natural resources. They  embraced nature and showed a remarkable attention to detail within the natural landscape. This school popularized the idea of  Manifest Destiny and came to symbolize American vitality, independence and nationalism. Today, works by the Hudson River school artists are treasured as the first uniquely American school of art and for their beauty and significance to art, history and culture

Characteristics, terms, words of the the Hudson River School-  unspoiled nature, atmospheric lighting, primeval landscape, theatrical, Catskill, Berkshire, White Mountains, Walt Whitman, American Transcendentalists, spiritual transformation, dramatic instincts, large scale canvasses, Luminist, Romantic school, wilderness, New York, symbolic language, realism,  Western Expansion and Manifest Destiny.

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