George Loring Brown


American Landscape Painter, Printmaker, Illustrator associated with the Hudson River School

Artistically and stylistically influenced by the following painters - Canaletto, Claude Lorraine, Washington Allston and Thomas Chambers

Education - At the age of 14 he was apprenticed to a local wood-engraver. He later studied with Eugène Isabey in Paris and later under leading Romanic painter Washington Allston.

Cause of Death - natural causes

Mediums - oil on canvas



About the Artist

George Loring Brown is best known for his dramatic Italian landscapes and skill at capturing the drama and power of the evening sky. He was born in America but lived and painted in to Italy for 20 years. Brown's intensely rich, majestic Italian landscapes were snapped up by wealthy American tourists making the Grand Tour. Today, works by the Brown are appreciated on many levels for their stateliness and majestic grandeur.

The Hudson River School


The Hudson River School was a mid-19th century American art movement founded by Thomas Cole in 1825. The style was influenced by European romanticism. The artists shared common design aesthetics uniting them as a school despite their distinctive styles. The painters focused on the American wilderness, particularly the Hudson River Valley as well as the Catskill Mountains and Adirondack Mountains. The paintings were spectacular and dramatic reflecting the wilderness environment. The artists moved their studios out of doors and sketched directly from nature focusing on the details in the natural landscape. Many paintings depict a perilous rugged land, dramatic sunrise or ominous storm clouds brewing in the distance. The works were breathtakingly majestic and celebrate Gods divinely inspired handiwork.

The mid 1850s was a time of unprecedented development for the young nation, and the Hudson River painters depicted the vastness and beautify of a country proud of its natural resources. They  embraced nature and showed a remarkable attention to detail within the natural landscape. This school popularized the idea of  Manifest Destiny and came to symbolize American strength, self-determination and nationalism. Today, works by the Hudson River school painters are treasured as the first uniquely American school of art and for their majesty and stately grandeur.




Key Descriptive Words  and Phrases associated with the Hudson River School-  unspoiled nature, atmospheric lighting, primeval landscape, theatrical, Catskill, Berkshire, White Mountains, Walt Whitman, American Transcendentalists, spiritual transformation, dramatic instincts, large scale canvasses, Luminist, Romantic school, wilderness, New York, symbolic language, realism, Western Expansion and Manifest Destiny.

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Principle Artists Associated With The Hudson River School
Albert Bierstadt American 1830-1902
Thomas Cole, American, 1801-1848
Herman Herzog German, 1831-1932
Thomas Hill, English, 1829-1908
Thomas Moran English born American1837-1926
George Inness American, 1825-1894
Frederic Edwin Church, American, 1826-1900
George Loring Brown, American, 1814-1889
Thomas Chambers, English, 1808-1866
Asher B. Durand, American, 1796-1886
John Frederick Kensett, American, 1816-1872
Jasper Francis Cropsey, American, 1823-1900
Martin Heade, American, 1819-1904
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