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Edward Robert Hughes

1849-1914

English Victorian Painter and Illustrator,  Chiefly Associated with the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (PRB)

Artistically and stylistically influenced the following painters and art periods; Early Renaissance,  Gothic Era Painting, Edward Burne-Jones, Dante Gabriel Rossetti,  William Holman Hunt and John Everett Millais

 Education - Royal Academy School and later studio assistant to William Holman Hunt

Mediums - watercolour/gouache/oil

Cause of Death - infection after undergoing an operation at the age of 61.


About The Artist

As a young man Hunt was extremely religious, reading his bible daily. He rejected the crass materialism of Victorian society and spent his leisure hours in payer and scripture study. Hunt was compelled to reconnect with the lost spirituality of Gothic, Medieval and Early-Renaissance imagery. He was especially drawn to the symbolic realism and mysticism of Sassetta' s paintings. Hunt is one of the founding members of The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, a group of painters opposed to the stale, academic style of art required by the oppressive Royal Art Academy of England. Like the work of Rossetti and John Everett Millais, his paintings are centered around classical mythology, medieval legends, and the biblical stories. His work is luminous, romantic and unforgettable, overflowing with symbolic realism.

The term Pre-Raphaelites refers to High Renaissance artist Raphael. Some members of the PRB referred to Raphael's work as slosh and criticized his decadent themes and lifestyle. Raphael, although one of the greatest painters in the history of art, died of syphilis and was known as a drunkard and carouser. This did not sit well with the PRB painters who believed that only a morally pure artist could produce spiritually pure art.  John Ruskin, famous Victorian era author and art critic was a major influence on the PRB painters.  The writer asserted "The greatest thing a human soul ever does in this world is to see something and tell what it saw in a plain way. Hundreds of people can talk for one who can think, but thousands can think for one who can see. To see clearly is poetry, prophecy and religion, all in one" 


Edward Robert Hughes Favorite Themes
Fairies 
femme fatale 
Italian themes 
 historical themes 
 literary themes

Writers who influenced Edward Robert Hughes

  Goethe
Edward Bulwer-Lytton
John Keats
Shakespeare
Coventry Patmore
Charles Dickens
Tennyson
Dinah Maria Mulock


Famous Artists of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood Movement

Dante Gabriel Rossetti
John Everett Millais
William Holman Hunt
Edward Robert Hughes
John William Godward
John William Waterhouse 
Lord Frederic Leighton
Edward Burne-Jones
Walter Howell Deverell

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The Founding of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (PRB)

The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (PRB) was founded in 1848. The most important artist was a  handsome and charming painter named Dante Gabriel RossettiRossetti and his chums, John Everett Millais and William Holman Hunt, rejected Neoclassical and High Renaissance art and embraced the spiritually infused works of the Early Renaissance Byzantine Style  and Gothic  painters. They sought to created a new artistic style using biblical, mythological, and literary imagery as the subjects of their art-works. Their paintings often contain obscure visual symbols and secret riddles.




  

Characteristics and  Descriptive Words  and Phrases associated with the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood  -  Quattrocento art, mythology, the classical world,  Pre-Raphaelite Journal, Margaret Gatty,  medieval era, mermaids, Florentine art, spiritually significant,, The Germ, idealized biblical themes, Jewish folklore,  19th century, avant-garde movement, Romantic poetry,  Goethe, Old Testament stories, ethereal and foggy backgrounds, mythology, history painting, 1848, Edward Bulwer-Lytton, John Keats, Shakespeare, Coventry Patmore, Charles Dickens, Tennyson, romanticized landscapes, Christian symbolism, Cyclographic Club, Early Renaissance painting,

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