The History of Art And The Curious Lives of Famous Painters
Dante Gabriel Rossetti
Romantic English, Victorian
Era, Painter and Fine Arts Educator and Member of The Pre-Raphaelite
Education - Royal Academy Antique School
Mental Health- Depression, Paranoia, complete Mental Breakdown in 1872, Attempted Suicide several times
Cause of Death - Kidney FailureArtist Biography
Rossetti was not aiming to simply illustrate a story but was more inclined toward a individual interpretation that symbolized a deeper spiritual meaning. John Ruskin, famous Victorian Art Critic and major influence on the PRB advised "This is the thing which I know—and which, if you labour faithfully, you shall know also,—that in Reverence is the chief joy and power of life;—Reverence, for what is pure and bright in your own youth; for what is true and tried in the age of others; for all that is gracious among the living,—great among the dead,—and marvelous, in the Powers that cannot die.."
The term Pre-Raphaelites refers to High Renaissance artist Raphael. Some members of the PRB referred to Raphael's work utter rubbish and criticized his decadent themes and depraved lifestyle. Raphael died of syphilis and was known as a bit of a libertine. Dante Rossetti and the other (PRB) artists embraced the artistic style of Early Renaissance painters. The (PRB) felt that these painters infused their works with drama, godliness and spiritual meaning."
The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (PRB) was founded in 1848. The most important artist was a handsome and charming painter named Dante Gabriel Rossetti. Rossetti and his chums, John Everett Millais and William Holman Hunt, rejected Neoclassical and High Renaissance art and embraced the spiritually infused works of the Early Renaissance and Gothic painters. The idealistic Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood painters wanted to change the world with their art, much like the hippies of the 1960s. They scorned the pretentious conventionality of the Victorian era. PRB painters had particular disdain for Rococo art.
They sought a return to spirituality, courtliness, brotherly love and religious piousness. They rebelled against the unbridled materialism and rampant hypocrisy that was typical of the Victorian middle and upper classes. Many of the (PRB) members would spend weekends out in the woods communing with nature and God.
They sought to created a new artistic style using biblical, mythological, and literary imagery as the subjects of their art-works. Their paintings often contain obscure visual symbols and secret riddles.
Famous Artists of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood Movement
Key Descriptive Words and Phrases associated with the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood - Quattrocento art, mythology, the classical world, Pre-Raphaelite Journal, Margaret Gatty, medieval era, mermaids, Florentine art, spiritually significant,, The Germ, idealized biblical themes, Jewish folklore, 19th century, avant-garde movement, Raphael, Romantic poetry, Goethe, Old Testament stories, ethereal and foggy backgrounds, mythology, history painting, 1848, Edward Bulwer-Lytton, John Keats, Shakespeare, Coventry Patmore, Charles Dickens, Tennyson, romanticized landscapes, Christian symbolism, Cyclographic Club, Early Renaissance painting,
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