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Frederick Leighton

(1830 - 1896)    

English Victorian Neo-classicist Painter,  Chiefly associated with the second generation of  the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (PRB)

Artistically and stylistically influenced the following painters and art periods;
  Early Renaissance,   William Holman Hunt and John Everett Millais

The term Pre-Raphaelites refers to High Renaissance artist Raphael. Some members of the PRB considered to Raphael's work utter drivel and condemned his immoral lifestyle. They took particular issue with Raphael's leering cherubs and erotic angels.  Dante Rossetti and the other (PRB) artists embraced the artistic manner of Mediaeval and Early Renaissance painters The  (PRB) felt that painters of this time period infused their works with spiritual symbolism, godliness and sacred themes.

The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (PRB) was created in 1848. The most important artist was a  striking and charismatic painter named Dante Gabriel Rossetti.  Rossetti and his companions, John Everett Millais and William Holman Hunt, rejected Neoclassical and High Renaissance art. They sought to created a new artistic style using mythological, and literary imagery as the subjects of their art-works. Their paintings often contain shrouded visual symbols and private riddles.

The romantic Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood painters wanted to change the world with their art, much like the hippies of the 1960s. They ridiculed the pompous conventionality of the Victorian era and sought a return to spirituality, courtliness,  brotherly love and religious piousness.  They rebelled against the rampant materialism and hypocrisy that was typical of the Victorian middle and upper classes.  John Ruskin, famous Victorian Art Critic and major influence on the PRB warned "The picture which has the nobler and more numerous ideas, however awkwardly expressed, is a greater and a better picture than that which has the less noble and less numerous ideas, however beautifully expressed." 

Lord Frederick Leighton's favorite subject matter


mythology
Arthurian legends
femme fatale
Italian themes
classical themes
 historical themes
 literary themes
mermaids
wood nymphs

Writers who influenced Frederick Leighton
 

Goethe
Edward Bulwer-Lytton
John Keats
Shakespeare
Coventry Patmore
Charles Dickens
Tennyson
Dinah Maria Mulock

Painters Associated With The Pre- Raphaelite Movement

Dante Gabriel Rossetti

Everett Millais

William Holman Hunt

Edward Robert Hughes

John William Godward

John William Waterhouse

Lord Frederic Leighton

Edward Burne-Jones

James Collinson

Walter Howell Deverell
 

 

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