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Important Artists Associated With Neoclassical Style 

The word Neoclassical comes  from the  translates to  'New Classical'

Famous Neoclassical Artists

Antonio Canova (1757-1822) Italian, Neoclassical

Jacques-Louis David (1748 - 1824) French, Neoclassical

Francois Gerard (1770-1837) Italian, Neoclassical

Antoine-Jean Gros 1771-1835)  French, Neoclassical

Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres (1780 - 1867) French, Neoclassical

Angelica Kauffman (1741 - 1807) Swiss, Neoclassical

Rembrandt Peale (1778-1860) American, Neoclassical

Bertel Thorvaldsen (1770-1844) Dutch, Neoclassical

John Trumbull (1756-1843) American, Neoclassical

Élizabeth Louise Vigée-Lebrun (1755 - 1842) French, Neoclassical

Benjamin West (1738 - 1820) American, Neoclassical

Example of Neoclassical art by Angelica Kauffmann

Origins of the Neoclassical Painting Style

Neoclassical art is distinguished by the sweeping classical gestures and structure, perfect form, and to a degree, realism. More than just a classical revival, Neo-Classicism was directly connected to existing political upheaval. Neo-Classical artists at first wanted to supplant the eroticism and frivolity of the Rococo style with a style that was orderly and serious in character. The fantasy-based aristocratic art of the Rococo seemed an insult upon the rights of men and was vilified by critics and the general public. In an age of sweeping revolution and transformation Neoclassicism became the art of change. French Neoclassicism emphasis's nationalism, as well as a sense of respect and morality. The movement was mainly connected with the beliefs of the French Revolution and was seen as being against the hated French aristocracy. Many prominent French painters regularly attended executions of the nobility. The artists would bring along a bottle of wine and picnic basket, cheering when the guillotine sliced off another head. These gruesome events inspired many great art-works.

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