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Francois Gerard

 1770-1837

Italian born French Neoclassical Painter

Artistically and Stylistically Influenced by the Following Painters -Jacques-Louis David, Raphael, Michelangelo, Nicolas Poussin and Antoine-Jean Gros

Education - studied under  Jacques-Louis David.

Cause of Death - Typhus


Artist Biography

Francois Gerard's paintings are outstanding examples of the French Neoclassical style in the nineteenth century. His main subjects were classical mythology,  historically important scenes of the French Revolution and portraiture. His style is distinguished by expert draftsmanship, gracious sophistication and a polished style. He believed that unity and simplicity are the two true sources of beauty

Description and Origins of the Neoclassic Art Movement

"The Art of The French Revolution"

The period is called neoclassical because its artists looked back to the art and culture of classical Greece and Rome.   The spread of Neoclassical Art was primarily inspired by recent roman archeological excavations, including Pompeii and by gay art historian Johann Joachim Winckelmann. Winckelmann touted the homoeroticism of Greco-Roman art, "beauty is rather male than female. But the beauty of art demands a higher sensibility than the beauty of nature, because the beauty of art, like tears shed at a play, gives no pain, is without life, and must be awakened and repaired by culture. Now, as the spirit of culture is much more ardent in youth than in manhood, the instinct of which I am speaking must be exercised and directed to what is beautiful, before that age is reached, at which one would be afraid to confess that one had no taste for it.” His enthusiastic descriptions of art from Classical Antiquity encouraged an interest in Greek antiquities.


Principle Artists of the Neoclassical Period

James Barry Irish, 1741-1806
Antonio Canova Italian, 1757-1822
Jacques-Louis David French, 1748-1825
Jules Elie Delaunay French, 1828-1891
Francois Gerard French, 1770-1837
Antoine-Jean Gros  French, 1771-1835
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres French, 1780-1867
Angelica Kauffmann Swiss, 1741-1807
Rembrandt Peale American, 1778-1860
Bertel Thorvaldsen Danish, 1770-1844
John Trumbull American, 1756-1843
Elisabeth Vigee-Lebrun   French, 1755-1842
Benjamin  West American, 1738-1820

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