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Rembrandt Peale

  1778-1860

American Neoclassical  Portrait Painter

Artistically and Stylistically Influenced by the Following Painters - Charles Willson Peale, Benjamin  West  and John Trumbull

Education - learned to the basics of painting in his fathers, Charles Willson Peale

Cause of Death - Old Age


Artist Biography
Artist Biography

 Rembrandt Peale's portrait paintings are outstanding examples of the Americanized Neoclassical style in the nineteenth century. His historical portraits of George and Martha Washington and others, were all within the guidelines firmly dictated by the French Academy.  Peale's style is characterized by realism and historical subject matter, and a refined sensibility

Description and Origins of the Neoclassic Art Movement

The period is called neoclassical because its artists looked back to the art and culture of classical Greece and Rome.   The spread of Neoclassical Art was primarily inspired by recent roman archeological excavations, including Pompeii and by the writings of art historian Johann Joachim Winckelmann. Winckelmann touted  Greco-Roman art, writing explicit descriptions of erotic sculptures from Classical Antiquity thereby encouraging an interest in Greek antiquities. Neoclassical art is characterized by its classical form and structure, clarity, and to an degree, realism.

French Neoclassism painters emphasis's patriotism, as well as a sense of civility and honorableness. The movement was particularly connected with the beliefs of the French Revolution and was seen as anti-aristocratic. The fantasy-based aristocratic art of the Rococo seemed an insult upon the rights of men and was vilified by critics and the general public.  In an age of sweeping revolution and transformation Neoclassicism became the art of change.


Principle Artists of the Neoclassical Period

James Barry Irish, 1741-1806
Antonio Canova Italian, 1757-1822
Jacques-Louis David French, 1748-1825
Jules Elie Delaunay French, 1828-1891
Francois Gerard French, 1770-1837
Antoine-Jean Gros  French, 1771-1835
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres French, 1780-1867
Angelica Kauffmann Swiss, 1741-1807
Rembrandt Peale American, 1778-1860
Bertel Thorvaldsen Danish, 1770-1844
John Trumbull American, 1756-1843
Elisabeth Vigee-Lebrun   French, 1755-1842
Benjamin  West American, 1738-1820

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