The History of Art And The Curious Lives of Famous Painters
Northern Renaissance Painter
Moneylender and His Wife c.1514
The early 1500s saw the demise of feudalism and patronage shifted from super wealthy church to the merchant class. Businessmen, tradesmen and prosperous women of the merchant class began collecting and commissioning works of art. These new patrons favored paintings that included a moralizing overtones, domestic scenes, peasants at work and play, fantastical landscapes, dogs, cats, birds, children and household goods.
One of the major difference between Italian Renaissance and Northern Renaissance is that Northern painters were not particularly interested in decadent Greek and Roman influences, focusing more on domestic scenes, satire, and philosophical themes. The Italian Renaissance painters focused heavily on religion, Roman Catholicism. Popes and church hierarchy were wealthy, powerful rulers. Like kings they were depicted in elaborate settings swaddled in furs and silks. Humanism was emerging, and religious devotion, though still an important part of people's lives, was being restructured to accommodate the belief that man can be master his own fate.
Trinity with St. Sebastian and St. Roch c.1518
Important Words, People, Phrases, Chactoristics related to the Northern Renaissance Art Movement - allegorical, Gospel parables, rebirth, 1 point perspective, Hieronymus Bosch, Limbourg Brothers, Robert Campin, Jan Van Eyck, Jean Fouquet, formation of a merchant class, glazing, impasto, scriptorium, illuminator, invention of the printing press, woodcuts, engravings, Antwerp, commerce, Northern Europe, Bruges, mythological scenes, genre painting, landscapes, portraits, moralizing overtones, human vices, lust, Protestant Reformation, paradise, spirituality, piousness, living a simple life, reform, Human Reasoning, merchant class at work, idyllic scenes of peasants, playing games, feasting, linear perspective, Heliocentric Theory, spiritually significant, illuminated manuscript, idealized biblical themes, scriptorium, emotion, illuminator, iconoclast, Age of Discovery, Virgin and Child, axonometric drawing, curiosity about the natural world, realistic use of colours and light, Bonfire of the Vanities, Old Testament stories, Gospel parables, The Blackdeath, Christian symbolism
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