The History of Art And The Curious Lives of Famous Painters
Northen Renaissance Netherlandish painter
The most intriguing artist in the history of the world
Hieronymus Bosch was Born as Jeroen van Aken
although he signed his paintings as Jheronimus Bosch in order to bring
recognition to his birthplace, Hertogenbosch, a small town in
the province of North Brabant in Holland. Bosch made himself a name as
a visionary. He had a taste for the poetic and his
use of symbols are secretive hints and glances into the mysterious
world that lies behind the painted one. All those grimacing images
which were customary in medieval decorative art, especially in the
stone ornaments of Gothic cathedrals and the wood carvings of choir
stalls, were transferred by him to panel painting. He is especially
fond of giving fishes the wings of bats and of creating
strange monstrosities by commingling the forms of animals and vessels.
His practice of them the form of an alter is characteristic of their
significance. Whether he presents the seven Deadly Sins, the Ship of
Fools, the Pleasures of the World or the Temptation of St. Anthony, it
is always a sermon beginning with the fall of man and ending with hell.
At a time when gluttony and wild sensuality followed upon the
mortifications of the flesh, he swung the heavy moral club and
practiced the art of " hanging people in colors". Bosch
painted the same Capuchin sermons with which Sebastian Brandt, Geiler
von Kaisersperg, and Thomas Murner regaled their listeners.
During his lifetime Hieronymus
Bosch was a celebrated and respected master painter. His work was
commissioned and collected by royalty, the church and wealthy patrons.
Important Words, People, Phrases, Characteristics related to the Northern Renaissance Art Movement - allegorical painting, rebirth, invention of oil painting, Hieronymus Bosch, Limbourg Brothers, Desiderius Erasmus, Robert Campin, Jan Van Eyck, Jean Fouquet, Albrecht Dürer, Johannes Gutenberg, Johann Reuchlin, Martin Luther, rise of the merchant class, Protestant Reformation, Calvinisim, glazing, impasto, scriptorium, illuminator, invention of the printing press, woodcuts, engravings, Antwerp School, Guild of Saint Luke, commerce, Flemish School, Northern Europe, Antwerp School, Flanders, Bruges, renewed interest in classical learning, mythological scenes, genre painting, landscapes, portraits, moralizing overtones, human vices, lust, paradise, spirituality, piousness, living a simple life, reform, Human Reasoning, tradesmen at work, idyllic scenes of peasants, playing games, feasting, linear perspective, \Heliocentric Theory, humour, satire, spiritually significant, illuminated manuscript, idealized biblical themes, scriptorium, emotion, illuminator, iconoclast, Age of Discovery, Virgin and Child, axonometric drawing, curiosity about the natural world, realistic use of colours and light, Old Testament stories, Gospel parables, The Blackdeath, Christian symbolism
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