The History of Art And The Curious Lives of Famous Painters
Robert Swain Gifford
American Tonalist Marine and Landscape Painter and founding member of the American Society of Painters
Cause of Death - Heart FailureBiography
Robert Swain Gifford's tonalist style is rooted in the French Barbizon movement, which emphasized atmosphere and shadow. The Tonalist style employs a distinctive technique by the use of color's middle values as opposed to stronger contrast. Resulting in a understated and compelling overall effect. The tonalist subject matter is never entirely apparent; their is no effort to communicate a message or narrate a story. Instead of relating a story, each sensitively chosen color, composition, and line is arranged to create an intriguing visual poem.
The interiors of tonalist paintings are generally elegant and sparsely decorated, tonally uniform, simplified and indistinct; the figures are usually presented alone in silent contemplation. Landscapes are typically luscious and luminous with evocative atmospheric effects featuring misty backgrounds illuminated by moonlight. Tonalists painters were drawn to both the natural and spiritual realms. They sought to awaken the viewers consciousness by shrouding the subject in a misty indistinct veil of emotionalism. The palette is minimal, characterized by warm hues of brown, soft greens, gauzy yellows and muted grays. Preferred themes were evocative moonlight nights and poetic, vaporous landscapes. Tonalist painters seemed to favored unconscious states and psychological experiences over reality.
Principle Painters of Tonalism Movement
Albert Blakelock American,
Key terms and phrase associated with the tonalist movement - obscured details, single-figure themes, the natural and spiritual domain, waking, unconscious states, sleep, dreams, death, aura, religious significance, emotionalism, emotionalists, pictorial space, compositional space, diffused light, incandescent glow, organic forms, artistic inspiration, illusionistic representation, luminous, transcendentalist, glowing, metaphysical, emotional expression, poetic, evocative
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A line is a dot that went for a walk. Paul Klee quote
A beautiful body perishes, but a work of art dies not. Leonardo da Vinci quote
It is good to love many things, for therein lies the true strength, and whosoever loves much performs much, and can accomplish much, and what is done in love is well done.”
Vincent Van Gogh quote
Creativity takes courage. Henri Matisse quote
I shut my eyes in order to see. Paul Gauguin quote
The painter has the Universe in his mind and hands. Leonardo da Vinci quote
Art is not what you see, but what you make others see. Edgar Degas quote
Absinthe is the only decent drink that suits an artist. Paul Gauguin quote
Color is my daylong obsession, joy, and torment. Claude Monet quote
Art is either revolution or plagiarism. Paul Gauguin quote
I saw the angel in the marble and carved until I set him free. Michelangelo