The History of Art And The Curious Lives of Famous Painters
Paintings During The Northern Renaissance
Melancholy by Lucas Cranach is a dark allegory of the deteriorating political and spiritual situation in the Holy Roman Empire during the sixteenth century.
figures represnt the Four Temperaments The angel is a personification
of melancholy and the frolicking toddlers represent sanguine, the
phlegmatic, and the
choleric temperaments. In Cranach’s painting, melancholy is
dressed in red which might be linked to something demonic.
Outside the window, decending from a ominous black cloud, demons and
witches ride forth. The demon is the center of the dark cloud is also wearing red. The white dog, possibly representing faith and loyalty, appears troubled and angry being in such company.
Melancholy, c. 1532, Northern Renaissance by Lucas Cranach The Elder
Important Words, People, Phrases, Chactoristics related to the Northern Renaissance Art Movement - allegorical painting, rebirth, 1 point perspective, Hieronymus Bosch, Limbourg Brothers, Robert Campin, Jan Van Eyck, Jean Fouquet, formation of a merchant class, glazing, impasto, scriptorium, illuminator, invention of the printing press, woodcuts, engravings, Antwerp, commerce, Northern Europe, Bruges, mythological scenes, genre painting, landscapes, portraits, moralizing overtones, human vices, lust, Protestant Reformation, paradise, spirituality, piousness, living a simple life, reform, Human Reasoning, merchant class at work, idyllic scenes of peasants, playing games, feasting, linear perspective, Heliocentric Theory, spiritually significant, illuminated manuscript, idealized biblical themes, scriptorium, emotion, illuminator, iconoclast, Age of Discovery, Virgin and Child, axonometric drawing, curiosity about the natural world, realistic use of colours and light, Bonfire of the Vanities, Old Testament stories, Gospel parables, The Blackdeath, Christian symbolism
Important Northern Renaissance Artists
- 1516) Dutch
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