Pre- Raphaelite Artists
Painters Associated With The Pre- Raphaelite Movement
Information About the PRB style of Painting
The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (PRB) was
founded in 1848. The most important artist of the PRB was a
handsome and charming painter named Dante
Gabriel Rossetti. Rossetti and his associates, John
Everett Millais and William
Holman Hunt, rejected Neoclassical and High
Renaissance art and
embraced the spiritually infused works of the Early
Style and Gothic
painters. They sought to create a new artistic style using
biblical, mythological, and literary imagery as the subjects of their
art-works. Their paintings often contain obscure visual symbols and
The term Pre-Raphaelites refers to High
Renaissance artist Raphael.
Some members of the PRB referred to Raphael's work as slosh and
criticized his decadent themes and perverse lifestyle. Raphael,
although one of the greatest painters in the history of art, died of
syphilis and was known as a drunkard and carouser. This did
not sit well with the PRB painters who believed that only a morally
pure artist could produce morally pure art.
Ruskin, famous Victorian Art Critic and major
influence on the PRB cautioned "The picture which has the nobler and more
numerous ideas, however awkwardly expressed, is a greater and a better
picture than that which has the less noble and less numerous ideas,
however beautifully expressed"
The Expressionist Art Movement
"To restrict the artist is a
crime. It is to murder germinating life." - Egon
Expressionist art movement was conceived in opposition to Impressionism.
The Expressionist painters required emotional drama, pure color and
innovation. Emil Nolde, German, Expressionist Painter observed,
"The art of an artist must be his own art. It is... always a continuous
chain of little inventions, little technical discoveries of one's own,
in one's relation to the tool, the material and the colors."
disdained dreamy landscapes, water lilies and Japanese bridges.
Controversial Austrian Expressionist Painter, Egon
Schiele asserted, "I must see new things and investigate them.
I want to taste dark water and see crackling trees and wild winds."
Expressionist painters looked inward at their own emotions, and less
upon the outside world for inspiration. Painters of the Expressionist
generation grew up on the battlefield, witnessing wartime atrocities
and returning to war ravaged countries.
The German Expressionists, George
Ludwig Kirchner and
Emil Nolde dominated the art
scene with powerful, emotional work based on the human
struggle and futility of war. Their art-work was born in a world of
confusion and social collapse. James Ensor
declared "My art tends toward the
literary. My pictures tend toward the outskirts of painting: But why
generalize? It is possible to realize one thing or another, according
to the impressions gained from one point of view or another. But it is
too difficult to make a general rule."
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