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Dosso Dossi

1490 - 1542

 High Renaissance Artist Associated with the Ferrara School of Painting

Stylistically influenced by the following painters  - TitianLorenzo Costa, Giorgione and Giovanni Bellini

Education - apprenticed to Lorenzo Costa

Cause of Death -  Plague

 
 

 

About the Artist

From an early age Dossi displayed exceptional original creative talent. He was gifted with the extraordinary talent not only of being a master storyteller but of innovation, with a naturalness, and  almost childlike liveliness. According to Vasari "Dosso was much beloved by Duke Alfonso of Ferrara: first for his good abilities in the art of painting, and then because he was a very pleasant and amiable person--a manner of man in whom the Duke greatly delighted. Dosso had the reputation in Lombardy of executing landscapes better than any other painter engaged in that branch of the profession, whether in mural painting, in oils, or in gouache; and all the more after the German manner became known."

Dosso's art is astonishing, unconventional, mysterious. His paintings exemplify the taste for mythological and religious themes that was the trademark of the nobility in Renaissance Italy.  He was a genius at exploiting a painting technique known as sfumato. This technique imparted a extraordinary, almost surreal radiance for which his masterpieces are renowned.  He along with his brother, Battista Dossi, were inundated with regular commissions from the Duke of Ferrara and the ruling class elites. Dossi regularly collaborated wit his brother but the tow were often at odds and had numerous fallings out over creative decisions as well as matters of the heart.

Dossi's 'The Virgin Appearing to Sts John the Baptist and John the Evangelist', circa 1526, is one of the greatest masterpieces of the High Renaissance.

 

 

About The High Renaissance Period

Artists of the Renaissance were elevated in social standing and their art was no longer looked upon as simple handicrafts, but as divinely inspired creations. The spirit of an era awoke, revitalized with knowledge and creativity. The major painters of the Renaissance were not only artists but men of great genius who gave the world their great intellectual gifts. Florentine and Venetian painting were both formed by extraordinary personalities. These men tackled mathematical, artistic and philosophical problems of the highest interest, and presented solutions that have never lost their value. The sense of humanism pervading renaissance painting is still palpable. The painters touched on a multitude of  issues regarding the human condition - death, love, reason, religion, universal morality, social problems.

Until the Middle Ages men regarded themselves as following the Good Shepherd, and art consequently did not recognize the individual in particular. In the structure and position of  the figures, as in their expression, a general and uniform type of beauty prevailed. The early Renaissance marks the victory of individualism and the uncompromising prominence of he individual.  According to Renaissance historian Walter Pater  "Here, artists and philosophers and those whom the action of the world has elevated and made keen, do not live in isolation, but breathe a common air, and catch light and heat from each other’s thoughts. There is a spirit of general elevation and enlightenment in which all alike communicate. The unity of this spirit gives unity to all the various products of the Renaissance; and it is to this intimate alliance with the mind, this participation in the best thoughts which that age produced, that the art of Italy in the fifteenth century owes much of its grave dignity and influence.."

                                                                     

 
   
   

Key Descriptive Words  and Phrases associated with the Renaissance Movement rebirth, rediscovery of the classical world Savonarola, publication of Della Pittura, a book about the laws of mathematical perspective for artists,  sfumato, chiaroscuro, spiritually significant,  illuminated manuscript,  idealized biblical themes, scriptorium, illuminator, plague, Age of Discovery, curiosity about the natural world,  realistic use of colours and  light, Old Testament stories, ethereal and foggy backgrounds, Gospel parables, romanticized landscapes,  Christian symbolism.

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Major Painters of the Italian High Renaissance

Andrea del Sarto
Mariotto Albertinelli
Fra Bartolommeo
Jacopo Bassano
Giovanni Bellini 
Domenico Brusasorci
Giulio Campi
Domenico Di Michelino
Lorenzo Costa
Dosso Dossi
Francesco Francia
Garofalo
Ridolfo Ghirlandaio
Giorgione
Leonardo da Vinci
Lorenzo Lotto
Bernardino Luini
Michelangelo Buonarroti
Baldassare Peruzzi
Piero di Cosimo
Jacob Tintoretto
Marcantonio Raimondi
Raphael
Titian 

 

References - HISTORY OF PAINTING by Walter Pater 

Lives of the Most Eminent Painters Sculptors and Architects by Giorgio Vasari